In 2015, New Brunswick introduced a graduated licensing program. To start down the road to your full licence, you must be 16 years old (with parental permission under age 18). You must also pass a vision test, pass a written test, and a test on signage. You must also pass an approved motorcycle safety instruction course (more details here).
After passing that course, you can enter the year-long GDL program. You cannot ride your motorcycle after dark during this 12-month period, you must have a 0% blood alcohol content level while riding, and you will not be allowed to tow a motorcycle trailer.
Riders in the GDL program who do not also hold a car licence will only be issued four points on their motorcycle licence, so driving infractions could easily lose you your licence. As well, if you are under 21 years old, being caught with alcohol in your blood will not just torpedo your motorcycle licence, it will also mean the suspension of your car licence.
After the 12-month period is up, you must pass a road test to earn either a Class 6 or Class 6D (under 550 cc) licence. If you apply for a Class 6 licence, you will be “required to demonstrate you can balance and maneuver the bike … .” In other words,be prepared to push your bagger around the parking lot to get your licence.