Motorcycle Lanesplitting and Filtering : What’s Happening in Canada?

Full-on lane sharing! In many countries, including a larger and larger chunk of the US, motorcyclists use filtering or lanesplitting to beat urban gridlock. Photo: Roland Dobbins/CC 2.0

In case you haven’t noticed,  motorcycle lane sharing is a really popular idea in the US right now. In the past decade, many US states have looked at the idea of legalizing filtering (moving between lines of stationary or slow-moving cars at a stop) or full-on lanesplitting (riding between moving vehicles at higher speeds).

Although many of those efforts have failed, others have seen success. In September, the state of Arizona legalized lane filtering by motorcycles, under specific rules. Before that, we saw Montana and Utah pass similar rules, which allow bikes between cars at slow speeds. In California, that state’s wink-and-ignore policy towards lane sharing has also finally been given official approval. Oregon’s legislators also approved a lane sharing bill, but that was nixed by the governor’s veto.

So what’s going on in Canada? With our own urban gridlock concerns, are we any closer to legalizing lanesplitting or filtering here? Or do we even want it?

Lane sharing is particularly popular in California, where it has been more-or-less legal since bikes first appeared on the streets there. Lanesplitting riders generally get away with a lot in California, riding between cars at speeds that would be unacceptable in most other jurisdictions. Photo: Eric Schmuttenmaer/CC 2.0

Law enforcement perspective

Constable Sean Shapiro of the Toronto Police Service, a traffic officer and former rider on the motor squad, says he’s seen an increase in unsafe driving and riding practices of all kinds in recent years in the GTA, and that includes increased lanesplitting and filtering.

He says police are often not that concerned about riders who slow-speed filter to the front between a line of stopped cars, but if riders are blasting between lanes at highway speeds, that’s different. Shapiro points out that even in California, officials recommend lane-sharing riders don’t travel more than 10 mph faster than the traffic around them. Excessive speed differential is where riders really get into trouble, if they crash while lane sharing.

As far as the current situation in the GTA, although Shapiro says he’s seeing more lane sharing by motorcycles, he has no statistics about how that might relate to crashes.  And although there is nothing in the lawbooks that explicitly prohibits lane sharing by name, Shapiro says officers can and will ticket under such charges as unsafe driving or stunting.

What if politicians re-opened the idea of a lane sharing pilot project? Toronto’s city leaders did look at such an idea back in 2018, although it ultimately went nowhere. If such a project did come into existence, Shapiro says police would enforce the new laws. However, he did express reservations about the idea of legalizing lane sharing. In other jurisdictions where filtering and lanesplitting are legal, he says motorists are much more used to sharing the road with motorcycles. That isn’t the case in Canada, where the seasonal nature of motorcycling means two-wheeled transportation is less popular.

“We’re still trying to get over the fact that people need to be reminded regularly that motorcycles exist at all,” says Shapiro. “I also think that other countries have a much higher bar for driver standards.”

With that in mind, he thinks it would require a steep learning curve for GTA motorists to accept and safely handle lane sharing, with basic techniques like the zipper merge and roundabout passage already not properly practiced. And while he concedes that filtering would reduce the danger from rear-end collisions at a stop, he also believes the risk is not worthwhile, particularly with distracted drivers everywhere.

Jurisdictions that legalize lane sharing often put significant resources into driver education afterwards. We’d need a really big effort here in Canada, where drivers are generally moto-oblivious at the best of times. Photo: Transport New South Wales

The advocate’s perspective

The motorcycling community itself is often split on the issue of lane sharing. Some riders want it, others think it’s an insanely dangerous idea and want nothing to do it.

Dan Fritter, based in British Columbia, is one rider who wants lane sharing legalized, and he has been working towards that end for years, using social media and other resources to organize riders and lobby politicians. His best-known efforts are probably through the Lane Filter British Columbia project (find it on Facebook here), but he’s been involved with other provinces as well.

He acknowledges the same dangers that Constable Shapiro points out, but believes the safety benefits offered by lane sharing outweigh the dangers. He also believes lane sharing will actually increase awareness of motorcyclists.

“We all know there are a ton of distracted drivers; we see them daily. And those distracted drivers pose a significant threat to riders in heavy traffic, where we really need the people driving behind us to pay attention,” says Fritter. “Even a slow-speed rear-end collision can wreak catastrophic injuries on a rider. Moreover, lane filtering dramatically increases the visibility of riders—a fact that’s been borne out in European studies—and riders are safer on roads where drivers are more aware of motorcyclists and scooters.”

The key, says Fritter, is to keep speeds sensible, and to focus on filtering, not lanesplitting.

“Filtering generally refers to lane sharing with a low maximum permissible speed and/or a similarly low speed-differential law (wherein riders are limited to going marginally faster than other traffic). Lanesplitting typically is used to denote lane sharing without any speed constraints,” Fritter says. “Studies show that lane sharing at relatively lower speeds created the best improvement for rider safety, as it also naturally limited the speed differential between filtering riders and motorists. That’s why we’re pursuing a filtering model, wherein filtering motorcyclists would be limited to 30 kph, meaning the surrounding traffic would have to be going slower – or be stopped.”

Fritter says he’s dealt with multiple levels of government in British Columbia, including regional, provincial and Translink authorities, as well as coordinating with other similar efforts in Alberta and Ontario. He says discussion with the Alberta government seemed to show some province, but progress was slowed when COVID-19 became an issue.

As far as his perspective goes, motorcycle lane sharing isn’t being held back by its inherent dangers. He says the problem is that government insiders just aren’t motivated to consider the issue.

“The biggest hindrance, in my experience, are the significant levels of institutional inertia personified by provincial bureaucrats who, simply put, have no incentive to even entertain the prospect,” he says. “They’re probably overworked already, and when something like a lane filtering proposal crosses their desk, it no doubt just looks like a hell of a lot of (potentially politically risky) work they don’t need or want. So as an advocate, you’re kinda stuck either trying to pressure an elected MP or Minister to champion the cause and ask the Ministry of Transport to look into how to enact it, or a municipality to make some formal requests for a roadgoing trial, in order to overpower the internal stonewalls that are otherwise keeping progress at bay.”

Adding to that, Fritter says Canadian politicians have no appetite to break new ground and take a risk: “The number of times legislators have told me ‘just wait until enough states legalize it, and it’ll happen here’ is downright depressing.”

Lane sharing in Bangalore, India. Sights like this are common in Asia. Photo: Eirik Refsdal/CC 2.0

The Non-profit perspective?

What about the view from the Canadian Motorcycle Association? As the FIM affiliate in Canada, issues that relate to motorcyclists’ interests and safety concerns would fall under their purview. The last time CMG looked at this issue, we noted the CMA had polled its members about lane sharing in 2019. Here’s the result, as per the CMA’s website at that time:

Although the input was generally in favour of such initiatives, there were concerns about increased risk to the safety of the motorcyclists, and a strong recommendation that the authorities conduct a major educational campaign prior to implementation.

Given the CMA’s focus on safety, it is our position that, of the two practices, endorsement of the practice of lane-filtering is worthy of considerable more emphasis than that of lane-splitting. It is not expected that the practice of riding between and among other moving vehicles, even when all drivers are attentive and capable, can be accomplished without increased risk to the motorcyclist …

At this point, that statement seems to have disappeared off the CMA website. A call to the organization had not been returned at the time of publication, and as for Fritter, he says he’s never heard from the CMA in his years of advocacy.

The Motorcyclists Confederation of Canada, an industry-organized non-profit, does have a statement about lane sharing on its website, seen here. Note the following quote:

What is the MCC’s position on lane splitting and lane filtering?

The Motorcyclists Confederation of Canada (MCC) has not taken an official position on the issue of lane splitting and lane filtering in Canada. It continues to be a contentious and often confusing issue, with legitimate arguments on both sides. MCC encourages riders to obey the traffic laws wherever you ride. Even the written laws can sometimes be confusing.

So, if lane sharing is going to become a thing in Canada, it appears neither the MCC nor the CMA is going to push for it at that point.


At this point, it seems most of the Canadian establishment, whether lawmakers, law enforcement or even the organizations representing motorcyclists aren’t keen to push for legal lane sharing. But motorcyclists themselves? Some riders are very much in favour of the idea. Whether their actions will result in a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction march towards legalization remains to be seen. On one hand, as Canada is one of very few countries in the world where lane sharing isn’t legalized in at least some jurisdictions, the idea seems inevitable as gridlock worsens. On the other—if the right people don’t ask for it, it just won’t happen.





  1. Every mayoral hopeful in Toronto is now trying to present a solution for congestion. Well folks, here’s a solution.

    From a purely Ontario/Toronto viewpoint, I think filtering and lane splitting will occur naturally as car traffic ceases to move efficiently. There will be few other options.
    Acceptance by government and law enforcement will hopefully occur at the same time, if accidents and deaths don’t rise correspondingly.

    One barrier I see is the widespread use of large, low & wide cruisers, which are not well suited for filtering. As soon as governments permit filtering, cruiser riders will have the approval to do it, which will only hold up smaller bikes trying to get through.

  2. I see nothing wrong with filtering. The cars are basically stopped and if there’s a space to pass safely at low speed then it shouldn’t be prevented. Lane splitting would not worry me either when cars are moving at slow speeds, below 30kph, it’s certainly no less safe than having distracted drivers stopping on you rear wheel in stop and go traffic.

  3. Based on my 40 years of riding and the way 4 wheel plus drivers drive, I don’t think in this country at this time lane splitting would be safe. However, I do believe if traffic is stopped and especially on very hot days, we should be allowed to split lanes. I did this last year when faced with a major traffic jam on the Coquihalla, it was 35 C! Me and most of the other motorcyclists used lane splitting and the road shoulder to move ahead. Only one car tried to prevent me from passing, I asked them if their a/c was working well for them?

  4. I watch the California riders buzzing through traffic at the posted speed, because “hey it says 30MPH so I;m only doing what the sign says” Oh sure we will be careful and slow down, but that will last only a week or two. It scares the bejesus out of me just watching the onboard cams and I don’t ride in traffic and will never play that game

  5. “Canadian politicians have no appetite to break new ground and take a risk…”

    The same Canadian politicians who went full-retard during the pandemic, breaking new ground and taking risks instituting insane far-reaching mandates along the way? Those Canadian politicians? Lane-splitting laws should be nothing for these people.

  6. Lane filtering should be the focus as it’s the most effective way to safely and efficiently provide solutions and incentives for riding in urban high traffic areas. Once people realize that the motorcycle/scooter “getting ahead” of them is safer, efficient and not going to hinder them in traffic as a practice will become self evident.

  7. A lot of thinking has to change too. I myself have lane split at low speeds just to get through traffic, BUT!!! Some people get really angry when you do that as you are getting ahead of them……instead of thinking that by doing that I am not part of the gridlock problem. I have even had very large 18 wheelers purposely try and block me. I have only done it on a few rare occasions, just to get through the traffic. You have to be ready though by “covering” your brake. As stated….the mindset has to change…and that will take longer than any laws being passed on not as it were….

  8. So – bottom line is that nothing is happening and will not any time in the near future.
    Here in Canuckistan the typical cager is undertrained and ill-equipped to deal with anything outside their ‘norm’. With the prospect of self-driving vehicles looming on the horizon I smell a recipe for disaster. It’s bad enough with driving and texting, or game boy dashboards on newer vehicles that create a ridiculous distraction.
    Ride in your lane like they’re out to kill you and you’ll be better off. Squids notwithstanding.

    • Personally, lane splitting would scare the crap out of me, given the TK4’s points above. Filtering would assist with the gridlock that the bigger cities experience, but we are not going to see either in my lifetime.

    • Even if lane splitting/filtering was made legal in Canada, in Winnipeg your riding season would end on day one – pure suicide. No thanks if it takes 15 mins more to ride across the city so be it.

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